Clothing Norm and Attires of the Ottoman İlmiye Class (Ivory)
Those who founded and built the Ottoman mentality is the Ottoman ulema and the ilmiye class, which is its institutional structure. Despite the fact that ulema, which constitutes the Ottoman ilmiye class within the askerî class is divided into different sub-classes, the center they are affiliated is the Ottoman medrese. In this regard, the Ottoman medreses are the center of the Ottoman ilmiye class and its intellectual mentality; therefore, it has its own tradition, customs, and clothing form. And attires make the Ottoman ilmiye visible within the state with all its elements and reiterate its status. The clothing regulations and differences of the Ottoman ilmiye class manifest itself strongly from studentship, which is the lowest level, to the office of the sheikh al-Islam, the highest post. Differences and status regulations are made distinct through the design and colors of attires as well. Thus, they are rendered easily distinguishable in the society.
With this study, covering the attires belonging to the Ottoman ilmiye class, it is aimed to provide contribution to three fields. Firstly, it is aimed to unfold the clothing norms of the Ottoman ilmiye class, and hence to establish a theoretical base. Surely, the clothing norm of the Ottoman ilmiye class has a philosophical background and reason. The design of this theoretical plan and reason is discussed in this study. Another target is to classify attires belonging to the Ottoman ilmiye class, to serve as a source for future studies. With this classification effort, the ilmiye attires will be sorted out and thus, the attires will be inter-related. The third and the last aim is to pave the way for establishment of the Ottoman ilmiye class attires as a sub-discipline in the Ottoman higher education studies. Because a sub-discipline that will serve as a source for comparative studies can be established as such.